In a city like Bangalore, food allergies are prevalent. The main reason behind the growing number is bad food habits. If you are from Bangalore, you know the growing number of cases related to eating spicy cuisine. Getting a food allergy test is the best action if you are experiencing the same symptoms to receive the appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
There are different full body checkups & tests an individual can undergo, and a food allergy test is one of them. Testing for dietary allergies can help unravel the riddle if they are the reason.
What are Food Allergies?
A food allergy is an aberrant response to a specific item the body interprets as an invader, such as an innocent shrimp, kiwi, or fish. A person’s eating habits, environmental plant exposure, and genetic predispositions all have a role in developing a food allergy.
Common allergies include dairy, peanuts, spicy foods, and so on. A food allergy can cause a wide range of symptoms, which vary according to the state of the body. These reactions can be mild, such as hives or itching, or severe, such as anaphylaxis, which can be fatal and require immediate medical attention.
What are the Symptoms of Food Allergy?
One can face different symptoms of food allergy. Some of these are-
- Itching, hives, eczema, and swelling are examples of mild symptoms.
- Breathing difficulties, wheezing, and stuffy nose are examples of respiratory symptoms.
- Symptoms of the digestive system, such as vomiting, diarrhoea, and stomach discomfort, are frequent.
- Anaphylaxis, dizziness, and fainting are examples of severe symptoms.
- Anaphylaxis is a severe medical emergency that needs to be treated right away.
Understanding the Role of Food Allergy Test
Food allergy tests aid in the diagnosis of a particular allergy. They are applied following the onset of allergic response symptoms. Testing for food allergies is rarely performed on someone who does not exhibit allergy symptoms.
Testing can be done to determine whether an individual remains allergic after receiving an allergy diagnosis. Not everyone faces the long-term effects of food allergy. This type of testing can assist ascertain whether a food that they have previously experienced an allergic reaction to can be safely consumed.
Types of Food Allergy Tests
There are different types of food allergy tests to check the effect. Specific tests necessitate direct contact with a suspected allergen; therefore, you must do these tests in a medical setting with a health expert for your safety.
- Skin Prick Test
To do the skin prick test, apply a drop of a potential allergen to your skin and pierce that region with a tiny needle to allow the substance to penetrate just below the epidermis. You don’t eat the meal, yet your skin still exhibits signs of an allergic reaction. This test must be carried out under close medical supervision if a severe reaction happens.
- Food Elimination
Although food elimination is not a rigorous testing technique, it can be used to prepare for further tests and see whether cutting out a food lessens allergy symptoms. Eliminating food involves closely monitoring your diet to prevent exposure to any probable allergens.
- Radioallergosorbent Test
A blood test called the Radioallergosorbent Test (RAST) quantifies the quantity of allergic antibody (IgE) your blood produces in response to a particular dietary protein. Like the Skin Prick Testing (SPT), this food allergy testing helps to identify IgE, but a positive result does not establish a diagnosis of a food allergy. When a patient cannot tolerate SPT due to severe atopic dermatitis (eczema), high sensitivity, or the necessity to continue taking antihistamines, RAST is sometimes employed.
- Oral Food Challenge
The most reliable test to find out if you have a food allergy is the Oral Food Challenge (OFC). It can also tell you whether a food allergy is no longer a problem. You will consume pre-measured amounts of a suspected food allergy during an OFC, and you will be closely observed in the clinic in case you have any reaction. By the end of the test, the patient should be able to tolerate a complete serving of food.
- Atopy Patch Testing
Patients with recorded responses to a particular meal whose skin prick and blood tests come out negative are candidates for Atopy Patch Testing (APT). The allergy antibody IgE does not cause the delayed reaction that the APT detects.
What can you expect during and after the Food Allergy Test?
When you undergo a food allergy test, you will be requested to abstain from a few meals and medications before the test to prevent influencing the results. In addition, before the test, you will be asked to avoid consuming allergy drugs. You may experience discomfort throughout the test, but it won’t last long.
After the test, you must modify your diet or take medication to manage your allergy symptoms. Patients might also need to undergo routine testing to track their condition and ensure they are still appropriately managing their symptoms.
A safe and comfortable dining experience requires a good food consumption. You can enjoy the delectable flavours of Bangalore’s food if you are fully aware of your allergens and take the necessary precautions.
Lab tests in Bangalore by Orange Health Lab help you get accurate results after you conduct any food allergy test. You get complete service of collecting and delivering the sample and report.